The activities associated with packaging and labeling the product. This may include preparing the packaging, inserting the product in its packaging, sealing the packaging, applying product labels to the packaging and where necessary insert the packaged product in group packaging (e.g. bottled liquids in a carton).
The Make process may add multiple packagings:
- Primary packaging is the material that envelops the product and holds it. This usually is the smallest unit of use. Primary packaging is in direct contact with the contents and may have commercial imprints to appeal to the customer. This type of packaging is typically added in a Make process
- Secondary packaging is the material that groups primary packages together. This does not apply to all products that require packaging, if secondary packaging is applied, then this usually is the smallest unit of sale. This type of packaging can be added in the Make or in the Deliver process.
- Tertiary packaging is used for handling, storage and transportation. This includes palletizing, shrink-wrapping, over-boxing and labeling. This type of packaging can be added in the Make process or in the Deliver process.
- Bagging and labeling products
- Bottling liquids and applying product labels to the bottles
- Inserting CPG in commercial packaging
- Inserting non-Consumer Packaged Goods in plain boxes and applying product labels
- Palletizing, shrink-wrapping and labeling bagged or boxed products
- Dangerous Goods labeling
Labels applied to the product by this Make-to-Stock process are typically limited to product information only, as customer order information is not (made) available at the time of production.
The Package process typically requires process Issue/Stage Materials to ensure packaging materials are available.
Note: Common inputs and outputs are listed in alphabetical order. Other inputs and outputs may be required to support varying use cases.