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S2P

Source-to-Pay

The Source-to-Pay cycle is a term describing the collection of processes a company has implemented between placing a purchase order or similar means of communicating the purchase of goods or services and the payment for these goods or services. The span of processes involved depends on the supply chain configuration and process strategy, but is typically limited to S processes*:

  • Replenishment of purchased materials, products, goods or services: S1
  • Special order or Source-to-Order materials, products, goods or services: S2
  • Engineer-to-Order parts, materials, products, goods or services: S3

Notes

* The processes listed are incomplete as the final step in the Source-to-Pay cycle is the actual disbursement of funds. This process is a Financial process outside of the scope of Source.

Alternative names include: Purchase-to-Pay, Procure-to-Pay.

See also: Forecast-to-Plan, Source-to-Pay, t:P2P, Plan-to-Move, Inquiry-to-Order, Order-to-Cash, Record-to-Report, Acquire-to-Retire, Risk-to-Assurance and Hire-to-Separation

Hierarchy

IDNameLevelx
E2EEnd-to-End1E2E
S2PSource-to-Pay1S2P

Process(es)

IDNameLevelx
SSource1S
S0Strategic Sourcing2S0
S1Source-to-Replenish2S1
S101Create Schedule3S101
S102Receive3S102
S103Unload3S103
S104Inspect3S104
S105Put Away3S105
S106Transfer3S106
S107Approve Payment3S107
S2Source-to-Order2S2
S3Source-to-Engineering-Order2S3
S4Source Returns2S4
Source-to-Pay End-to-End 1 1 Procurement, Purchasing, Cycle, Payment, Supply Chain The processes a company has implemented between placing a purchase order or similar means of communicating the purchase of goods or services and the payment for these goods or services