The activities associated with receiving and putting away product in general stock locations. This includes determining the most appropriate storage location and making product pickable*. Generally recognized put-away policies are categorized in four groups:
- Popularity. Popularity based policies look at run-rates, ABC Classification
- Random. System-assigned random location
- Dedicated. Fixed location. Often required for hazardous materials
- Direct. Put-away directly in pick-location and cross-docking**
- Pumping product into a silo or tank
- Putting away product in a bin on a shelf or pallet location
- In a Warehouse: Moving product to a storage location
- In a Distribution Center: Moving product to a Piece Picking station
- In a Distribution Center: Moving product from Receiving to a Case Picking location
- In Retail: Stocking shelves
Make-to-Stock product is Generic Stock and is therefore typically stored in locations for which the material number is the only information recorded in the Warehouse Management System or Enterprise Resource Planning System. Some industries require the inventory record to also include the lot number or production date to support FIFO and FEFO.
*) Changing status to pickable results in the product being available for Picking. The physical movement and administrative flagging that product is pickable may take place at different times. This means that a product may be in the storage location from where picks take place, but is not pickable yet as it for example has not cleared final inspection.
**) OpenReference recognizes that Cross-docking typically has few(er) opportunities in a Deliver-From-Stock process.
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Note: Common inputs and outputs are listed in alphabetical order. Other inputs and outputs may be required to support varying use cases.