Actions

D107

Pick

The activities associated with locating, collecting, transferring and grouping products in preparation of transportation. This includes scheduling picks, issuing pick instructions and recording the completion of the pick process, and may include finding alternative products in case of a stock-out or recording the lot numbers or serial numbers picked on the order.

Typically items to pick are grouped according to a Pick Policy. Generally accepted pick policies include:

  • Order picking. One order at a time.
  • Batch picking. Group multiple orders on a consolidated pick list.
  • Zone picking. Divide pick area in zones, pick by zone. Orders move from zone to zone.
  • Wave picking. Group multiple orders in consolidated pick list. Pick then sort and consolidate.

Companies with diverse products may require different policies for different products.

Use Cases

Notes

Picking has a large impact on performance for industries where multiple products are combined on a single order or shipment. Not all products require picking: loading a product in a tanker truck from a silo does not require a comprehensive pick process. Challenges with picking include: Unable to locate an item, Wrong item in right location, pick from wrong location mistakes.

Picking in a classic retail store is uniquely different from picking in warehouses. Whereas, in a warehouse the pick list is derived from the order; in a retail store the order is typically created at checkout - i.e. after picking is complete. Orders Damage Free Ratio Orders On-time Ratio Orders In-full Ratio Deliver Cycle Time Order Processing Delays Fulfillment Cost Quote-to-Cash Order-to-Cash First Expired, First Out (FEFO) First In, First Out Last In, First Out Pick, Pack & Ship

Hierarchy

IDNameLevelx
D1Deliver-From-Stock2D1
D107Pick3D107

Metric(s)

IDNameLevelx
DP11Orders Damage Free Ratio2DP11
DP13Orders On-time Ratio2DP13
DP14Orders In-full Ratio2DP14
RS12Deliver Cycle Time2RS12
RS22Order Processing Delays2RS22
CO122Fulfillment Cost3CO122

Term(s)

IDNameClearx
FEFOFirst Expired, First Out (FEFO)FEFO
FIFOFirst In, First OutFIFO
LIFOLast In, First OutLIFO
O2COrder-to-CashO2C
PP&SPick, Pack & ShipPP&S
Q2CQuote-to-CashQ2C

Workflow

FromInput(s)
Process
Output(s)To
wf_processwf_arrow
D106Generic Stock
D102Sales Order
D107
wf_arrowwf_process
Sales OrderD108
Sales Order StockD108
Note: Common inputs and outputs are listed in alphabetical order. Other inputs and outputs may be required to support varying use cases.Pick Deliver-From-Stock 410700 3 Stocked Products, Merchandize, Retail, Warehouse, DC, Order Picking, Pick, Pick Pack Ship, Logistics, Supply Chain Locating, collecting, transferring and grouping products in preparation of transportation. This includes scheduling picks, issuing pick instructions and recording the completion of the pick process, and may include finding alternative products in case of a stock-out or recording the lot numbers or serial numbers picked on the order